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Linux for Beginners-What is Linux and GNU Linux and Linux compared to Windows?

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What is the difference between Linux and GNU / Linux?

Essentially nil. It is about two names for the same thing. Name Linux is much more widely accepted and used it myself and Linus Torvalds, while the name GNU / Linux comes from an organization called the Free Software Foundation founded by Richard Stallman, a renowned American activist, developer and advocate of free software.

The logic behind the name GNU / Linux is that Torvalds Linux kernel makes up only part of the complete operating system, or the GNU project conceived the idea of ​​creating a free and open operating system that is ultimately incarnated in the form of various Linux distributions that use only free software. Stallman believe that use of the term ordinary Linux users and general public gain a false impression that Torvalds conceived and programmed the entire operating system, not just a kernel.

Torvalds  understanding is that all distributions are based on his  Linux kernel  and that  the GNU / Linux makes sense only if someone makes a special distribution to be so called, in the same manner as such there Distribution of Red Hat Linux.

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What are the advantages of Linux compared to Windows?

First of all, the price, or its absence, because almost all Linux distributions are free. The same can be said for the application. Although for Linux there are commercial applications for which it is necessary to allocate the money, most of it still free. Furthermore, it can be said that Linux is more secure than Windows when it comes to malware. Although on Linux can happen bad things like stealing your credit card information, most malware applications designed to run on Windows, on Linux simply does not work. On Linux, you also rarely encounter DRM ( Digital rights management), while the Windows DRM integrated into the software, especially games, quite a normal thing.

Last advantage of Linux scalability in terms of hardware requirements. Some distributions, for example, are designed to run on pretty old computers.